Accessibility Metadata Sets

Terms that are used on this page, which are defined further in the Access for All specifications and the best practices guide, include the following. Note that there is a great web accessibility page that describes these terms in much more detail.

  • Captioned: Captions are text versions of the spoken word. Captions allow the content of web audio and video to be accessible to those who do not have access to audio. Though captioning is primarily intended for those who cannot hear the audio, it has also been found to help those that can hear audio content and those who may not be fluent in the language in which the audio is presented.
  • AD – Audio Description: Audio descriptions provide additional information about what is visible on the screen. This allows video content to be accessible to those with visual disabilities. (Note: we need to describe extended vs.non-extended descriptions)
  • Transcript: Transcripts also provide an important part of making web multimedia content accessible. Transcripts allow anyone that cannot access content from web audio or video to read a text transcript instead. Transcripts do not have to be verbatim accounts of the spoken word in a video. They can contain additional descriptions, explanations, or comments that may be beneficial.

Note that we are trying to support all of the types of media that may be used with accessibility in mind. While many of these are electronic, there are also a number of physical forms that would be described in a catalog page, but delivered through physical means. If you have an interesting content type, please relate it in comments, which we have enabled for this page for a short time until June 19, or in the google groups discussion.

Audio that lacks captions

Audio file that should have captions but doesn’t.

Access Modes
  • auditory

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/>

Audio with captions

Audio file with captions.

Access Modes
  • auditory
Media Features
  • captions

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="captions"/>

Audio with transcript

Audio with text alternative that is not timed to the audio.

Access Modes
  • auditory
Media Features
  • transcript

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="transcript"/>

HTML document with images, has text description

Should have transformable text. Description of images might be in content itself, not alt text.

Access Modes
  • textual
  • visual
Media Features
  • alternativeText
  • displayTransformability

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="alternativeText"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="displayTransformability"/>

HTML document with images, lacks text description

Should have transformable text.

Access Modes
  • textual
  • visual
Media Features
  • displayTransformatability

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
        <meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="displayTransformability"/>

HTML Interactive with images, has text description, mouse & keyboard accessible

Should have transformable text.

Schema.org Object: WebApplication

Access Modes
  • textual
  • visual
Media Features
  • altText
  • longDescription
  • displayTransformatability
Control Flexibility
  • fullKeyboardControl
  • fullMouseControl

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="alternativeText"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="longDescription"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="displayTransformability"/>
	<meta itemprop="controlFlexibility" content="fullKeyboardControl"/>
	<meta itemprop="controlFlexibility" content="fullMouseControl"/>

HTML interactive with images, lacks text description, mouse & keyboard accessible

Should have transformable text.

Schema.org Object: WebApplication

Access Modes
  • textual
  • visual
Control Flexibility
  • fullKeyboardControl
  • fullMouseControl

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="controlFlexibility" content="fullKeyboardControl"/>
	<meta itemprop="controlFlexibility" content="fullMouseControl"/>

HTML interactive with images, lacks text description, requires mouse

Should have transformable text.

Access Modes
  • textual
  • visual
Control Flexibility
  • fullMouseControl

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="controlFlexibillity" content="fullMouseControl"/>

HTML interactive with sound & images, lacks text description, requires mouse

Should have transformable text.

Access Modes
  • auditory
  • textual
  • visual
Control Flexibility
  • fullMouseControl

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="controlFlexibility" content="fullMouseControl"/>

Image with text description

Image files with text descriptions built-in or in an html alternative to a flash slideshow. No color-coding or important text on image.

Access Modes
  • visual
Media Features
  • longDescription

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="longDescription"/>

Image with text description, with color-coding

Image that has a text alternative. Image contains information encoded in color.

Access Modes
  • visual
  • color
Media Features
  • longDescription

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="color"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="displayTransformability" content="fullMouseControl"/>

Image without text description

Image with no alternative text available. No color-coding or important text on image.

Access Modes
  • visual

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>

Interactive without sound, keyboard or mouse accessible, lacks image description

Non-html interactive, text not transformable, lacks text description of images.

Access Modes
  • textual
  • visual
Display Transformability
  • fullKeyboardControl
  • fullMouseControl

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="displayTransformability" content="fullKeyboardControl"/>
	<meta itemprop="displayTransformability" content="fullMouseControl"/>

Interactive without sound, mouse required, lacks image description

Non-html interactive, text not transformable, lacks text description of images.

Access Modes
  • textual
  • visual
Display Transformability
  • fullMouseControl

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="displayTransformability" content="fullMouseControl"/>

Interactive without sound, mouse required, with image description

Non-html interactive, text not transformable, with alternate text description of images.

Access Modes
  • textual
  • visual
Media Features
  • longDescription
Display Transformability
  • fullMouseControl

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="longDescription"/>
	<meta itemprop="displayTransformability" content="fullMouseControl"/>

PDF with images and text description

PDF with readable text, with images that have text description OR the document text is sufficient to replace the images.

Access Modes
  • textual
  • visual
Media Features
  • longDescription

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="longDescription"/>

PDF with images, lacks text description

A PDF where the text is readable by screen reader, but images lack text description and the document text is not sufficient to replace the images.

Access Modes
  • textual
  • visual

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>

PDF with no images

PDF with only text, which is readable by screen reader.

Access Modes
  • textual

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>

PDF with scanned image of text

Scanned image of a text document, but no screen-reader readable text (i.e. historic document). May have images lacking text description.

Access Modes
  • visual
  • textOnImage

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textOnImage"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>

Text with no images

Text, Word, spreadsheet, any character-based doc with no images

Access Modes
  • textual

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>

Video that has no audio

Video with no audio track; it doesn’t need captions. No audio description.

Access Modes
  • visual

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>

Video that lacks captions

Video that has a meaningful sound track but does not have captions (or audio descriptions).

Access Modes
  • auditory
  • visual

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>

Video with captions

Video with audio track and captions. No audio description.

Access Modes
  • auditory
  • visual
Media Features
  • captions

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="captions"/>

Video with captions and AD (non-extended)

Video with sound track, captions and non-extended audio description.

Access Modes
  • auditory
  • visual
Media Features
  • audioDescription
  • captions

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="audioDescription"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="captions"/>

Video with captions and extended AD

Video with audio track, captions and extended audio description (audio begins before visuals or pauses visuals in the middle).

Access Modes
  • auditory
  • visual
Media Features
  • audioDescription
  • captions

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="audioDescription"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="captions"/>

Video with captions and transcript

Video with audio track, captions and text of video in separate doc or pane.

Access Modes
  • auditory
  • textual
  • visual
Media Features
  • captions
  • transcript

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="captions"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="transcript"/>

Video with captions, transcript, and AD (non-extended)

Video with audio track captions, text of video in separate doc or pane, and non-extended audio description.

Access Modes
  • auditory
  • textual
  • visual
Media Features
  • audioDescription
  • captions
  • transcript

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="audioDescription"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="captions"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="transcript"/>

Video with captions, transcript, and extended AD

Video with audio track, captions, text of video in separate doc or pane, and audio description.

Access Modes
  • auditory
  • textual
  • visual
Media Features
  • audioDescription
  • captions
  • transcript

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="textual"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="audioDescription"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="captions"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="transcript"/>

Video with transcript

Text of video in separate doc, not captions

Access Modes
  • auditory
  • visual
Media Features
  • transcript

Example

	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/>
	<meta itemprop="accessMode" content="visual"/>
	<meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="transcript"/>

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